CentOS,Ubuntu,Fedora,Debian,Linux,KVM,Virtualization

CentOS,Ubuntu,Fedora,Debian,Linux,KVM,Virtualization

CentOS,Ubuntu,Fedora,Debian,Linux,KVM,Virtualization

vi
11/08/2018 | 233
vi - Use vi editor
[SYNOPSIS] vi FILE
Switch Command mode/Input mode
Key Description
i insert words on the Cursor position
a insert words after the Cursor position
I insert words on the head of the line of Cursor position
A insert words on the last of the line of Cursor position
o insert words on the empty line inserted that is after Cursor position
O insert words on the empty line inserted that is before Cursor position
[Esc] switch to command mode
 
Save/Quit
Key Description
:w save
:w file save as a file
:q quit without saving(confirmed)
:q! quit without saving(forcely)
:wq save and quit
:e back to the last saved
:n switch to other file if some files are opened
:r file read content of a file on current line
:n,mw file save as a file from n line to m line
:n,mw>>file add to a file from n line to m line
 
Cursor operation
Key Description
h (or) [←] move to left
l (or) [→] move to right
k (or) [↑] move to above
j (or) [↓] move to below
w move to the head of next word
b move to the head of previous word
0 move to the head of line
$ move to the last of line
G move to the last line
nG move to n line
H move to the head of current screen
nH move to n line on current screen
L move to the last line on current screen
nL move to the line of "n"
M move to the head line on current screen
 
Scrolling operation
Key Description
[Ctrl] + f scroll down for a screen
[Ctrl] + b scroll up for a screen
[Ctrl] + d scroll down for half of a screen
[Ctrl] + u scroll up for half of a screen
 
Edit operation
Key Description
x delete a word on cursor
X delete a word before cursor
yy copy the current line into the buffer
y$ copy from the cursor position to the end of the line into the buffer
y0 copy from the head of line to the cursor position into the buffer
yw copy a word on cursor into the buffer
p paste the contents of the buffer after the cursor position
P paste the contents of the buffer before the cursor position
dd delete the current line
d$ delete from the cursor position to the end of the line
d0 delete from the head of the line to the cursor position
dw delete from the head of the line to the next word
u cancel the last operation
U cancel the last operation for a line
 
Search operation
Key Description
/ word [Enter] search a word from the head of a file to the end
? word [Enter] search a word from the end of a file to the head
n search next after a result of searching